Belgium is a small country located in Western Europe with a population of around 11 million people. It was first recognized as a country with independence in 1831, following the signing of the Treaty of London. This treaty was made between the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom of Belgium and established the borders of the two countries.
Prior to this, Belgium had been under control of the Netherlands since the 17th Century. During this period, Belgium was known as the Austrian Netherlands and was ruled by Austria. When the French Revolution occurred in the late 18th Century, the French invaded and occupied the Austrian Netherlands and declared it part of France. After the fall of Napoleon in 1815, the Congress of Vienna decided that the Netherlands should regain control of the Austrian Netherlands and ruled it as a province.
It wasn’t until 1830 that the Belgian people began to demand independence. A revolution broke out and the leaders of the revolution declared the independence of Belgium in October of the same year. Negotiations between the leaders of Belgium and the Dutch government eventually led to the signing of the Treaty of London in 1831. This treaty officially recognized the independence of Belgium and established its borders.
Belgium has grown significantly since its independence and is now a member of the European Union. The country is known for its strong economy, its beautiful architecture, and its delicious chocolate. The people of Belgium are also known for their passion for beer, waffles, and French fries!
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